Nobel Talk

Dr. John Mather

Nobel Laureate, Physics, 2006, Senior Astrophysicist, NASA GSFC, Baltimore, MD, USA

Dr. John C. Mather is a Senior Astrophysicist in the Observational Cosmology Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. His research centers on infrared astronomy and cosmology. As an NRC postdoctoral fellow at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (New York City), he led the proposal efforts for the Cosmic Background Explorer (74-76), and came to GSFC to be the Study Scientist (76-88), Project Scientist (88-98), and also the Principal Investigator for the Far IR Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) on COBE. He showed that the cosmic microwave background radiation has a blackbody spectrum within 50 ppm. As Senior Project Scientist (95-present) for the James Webb Space Telescope, he leads the science team, and represents scientific interests within the project management. He has served on advisory and working groups for the National Academy of Sciences, NASA, and the NSF (for the ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter Array, and for the CARA, the Center for Astrophysical Research in the Antarctic). He has received many awards including the Nobel Prize in Physics, 2006, for his precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation using the COBE satellite.

The Future of Astronomy: New technology continues to transform astronomy by opening up new windows to the universe. From gravitational wave detectors, we now know that the gold we mine on Earth came from merging neutron stars long ago and far away. From millimeter wave radio observatories we see stars forming with signs of planets growing around them. From cameras in space we see thousands of exoplanets transiting in front of their stars. And the future will include adaptive optics on giant 30-meter telescopes on the ground, capable of revealing the heart on Pluto, without space travel, and of seeing the formation of young galaxies billions of years ago. I will outline some dreams of future telescopes and future discoveries, possibilities that may happen if we work for them.

Keynote Speaker

Ms. Manasi Tata

Executive Director and CEO, Kirloskar Systems Limited; Managing Trustee and CEO, Caring with Color; Director, Kirloskar Technologies Limited; Director, Toyota Tsusho Insurance Broker India Private Limited

Not every young entrepreneur can capitalize on a risk-taking spirit, an artist’s instincts and critical-thinking skills to drive business endeavors and influence social change, but Manasi Tata (29) forges her own path, while taking pride in her legacy and embracing the brand’s values as the fifth generation of the Kirloskar family. She is a proud scion to one of India’s Oldest and most reputed business families in India, which has a rich and timeless legacy of over 130 years. Apart from her day job as a leader of a business empire, she is also a trained painter, deep sea diver, mountaineer of repute, and avid tennis and water sports player and enthusiast. She was the first Young Business Champion for the SDGs by the UN in India in October 2018.

Leadership and Young Professionals: Manasi Tata will be talking to the young professionals (YIP) and Women in Engineering (WIE) at the IMaRC about the importance of creativity, leadership, commitment, and corporate governance with humanitarian inclination.

Invited Speakers:

Dr. Rainee Simon

Program Officer, Planetary Instruments, NASA, Washington DC, USA

Dr. Rainee Simon is a Program Officer at the NASA’s Planetary Science Division, Washington DC, USA, overseeing instrument development programs such as, Maturation of Instruments for Solar System Exploration (MatISSE) and the Development and Advancement of Lunar Instrumentation (DALI). His research in satellite communication, which includes areas such as, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), phased array/printed circuit antennas, semiconductor/optoelectronics devices, high efficiency space traveling wave tube amplifiers (TWTAs) and solid-state power amplifiers (SSPAs). He has authored or co-authored over 180 publications in refereed journals and international symposium proceedings and 75 NASA Technical Memorandums. Furthermore, he has been awarded fourteen U.S. patents. Dr. Simons is a recipient of the Distinguished Alumni Award from his alma mater. In addition, he has received over 30 NASA Certificates of Recognitions/Tech Brief Awards, five NASA Space Act Awards, five NASA Group Achievement Honor Awards, NASA Public Service Medal, NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, NASA Exceptional Technology Achievement Medal and two Silver Achievement Medal-Group Awards. He also received the status of runner-up in the wireless category from the Wall Street Journal’s 2009 Technology Innovation Award program and the 2010 NorTech Innovation Award form Crain’s Cleveland Business for the development a BioMEMS sensor. Dr. Simons served on the Technical Program Committees of several IEEE International Symposiums. He has served as a member of the Editorial Board of the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques and as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. Dr. Simons is a Life Fellow of the IEEE.

NASA Planetary Science Instrument Development Programs: Priority questions in Planetary Science for the next decade published in “Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022” identified 3 themes; understanding solar system beginnings, searching for the requirements for life in planetary habitats, and revealing planetary processes through time. Science instruments for future missions require a focused technology development strategy to mature critical technologies for measurements that could provide answers. This paper describes three instrument development programs within the Planetary Science Division (PSD) within NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD). PSD recognizes that instrument development and maturation is vital to increasing PSD’s scientific capabilities and the measurements necessary to address the questions in future missions.

Prof. K V S Hari

Professor, Department of ECE, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

Prof. K V S Hari is a Professor in the Department of ECE, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He holds a BE (ECE) degree from Osmania University, Hyderabad, MTech (Radar and Communication Systems) from IIT Delhi and Ph.D. (Systems science) from U C San Diego and has been a visiting faculty at Stanford University (1999-00) and Affiliate Professor at KTH- Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (2010-16). His research interests are in Signal Processing with applications to 5G wireless communications, radar systems, autonomous vehicles, neuroscience, and affordable MRI systems. He is a co-author of an IEEE standard on wireless channel models. He was an Editor of EURASIP's Signal Processing (2006- 16) and is currently the Editor-in-Chief (Electrical Sciences) of Sadhana, the journal of the Indian Academy of Sciences published by Springer. He is a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of IEEE and also on the Board of Governors, IEEE Signal Processing Society as Regional Director-at-Large of Asia-Pacific.

Experiments in Autonomous Navigation: The emergence of autonomous navigation systems have spurred many innovations in the design of sensing, computing, communication and control systems. In this talk, we will present two case studies of designing and developing autonomous navigation platforms using machine-learning tools. First, a system design used in large vehicles for collision avoidance. Second, the design of a sensing platform to collect data related to road traffic in India.

Dr. Debabani Choudhury

Principal Scientist, Intel Research Labs, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Dr. Debabani Choudhury is a Principal Scientist at Intel Labs and leads the research and development of RF, mm-wave, sub-THz technologies and architectures for next-generation data and communication platform integration. Before joining Intel, she was Senior Staff/ Scientist at HRL Labs/Hughes Research Laboratories and Millitech Corporation where she developed various millimeter-wave and terahertz technologies for space, defense, govt. and automotive applications. Prior to that, she worked at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) on THz devices and components for space-based heterodyne receiver applications. Dr. Choudhury has a broad range of expertise in RF, millimeter wave, and sub-terahertz device, circuits, antennas, arrays, systems, co-design, III-V device/IC fabrication, packaging, heterogeneous integration, EM and related technologies. She received the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India. She is an IEEE Fellow, holds more than 35 patents and numerous publications. She received several NASA technical achievement and new technology invention awards as well as received multiple Intel Gordon E. Moore awards for research and innovation.

Dr. Choudhury serves on several Technical Program and Steering Committees for IEEE and SPIE conferences. She is a member of multiple IEEE MTT-S Technical Co-ordination Committees and served as Guest Editor for several journals including Proceedings of IEEE, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques and IEEE Microwave Magazine. She served as a member of IEEE 5G-Initiative Committee, Founding Chair for IEEE MTT-S and IEEE COMSOC collaboration team on 5G, in addition to serving as the Chair for multiple IEEE 5G-Summits and as the TPC Co-Chair for IEEE 5G World Forum 2018 and 2019.

Evolution of 5G and Beyond for the Connected Future: With the emergence of new use cases and ever increasing user expectations on quality of experience (QoE), wireless networks are driven to achieve unparalleled performance and must provide ubiquitous connectivity to everything and everywhere. Such demands are requiring new features and very complex networks for 5G and beyond, satisfying Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC), Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) requirements to enable smart cities, connected vehicles, sports, media & entertainment of future with new network, cloud and client technologies. To make the evolution of 5G and beyond a reality, technology innovations are required at levels, from device to system to network and beyond.

This talk will highlight challenges and prospects of the required technology innovations. It will discuss the candidate technologies for 5G wireless system; review semiconductor/device technology options; RF, mm-wave system integration; measurement challenges from device to system to OTA network evaluation, needed to ensure successful architecture implementation of 5G and beyond.

Dr. D. V. Giri

CEO, Pro-Tech, Wellesley, MA, USA

Dr. Giri through his consulting company Pro-Tech, has provided services to several defense contractors and governmental organizations in US and Western Europe. He has taught short courses in his field of expertise in many countries including India. He has made significant contributions in the design and development of many NEMP Simulators around the world used to study the vulnerability of aircrafts, missiles, ships etc. to high-altitude nuclear bursts. Dr. Giri has made noteworthy contributions to the design of radiation systems for the high-power microwave systems and in the design and development of the ultra-wideband (UWB) systems which finds many applications such as detection of buried unexploded mines, and several other applications in various civilian sectors. One of his books was published by Harvard University Press in 2004. He received Hind Rattan (Jewel of India) and Non-Resident Indian of the year awards in 2017. He is also a recipient of many international awards such as IEEE John Krauss Antenna award, Life Fellow of the IEEE, Prestigious Electromagnetics Fellowship from the SUMMA foundation, USA as well as best paper awards for 3 of his papers. He has served as a Visiting Professor at Indian Institute of Science under the BEL Chair Program. Dr. Giri has a PhD form Harvard University and BE and ME from Indian Institute of Science.

Generation and Radiation of High-Power Microwaves (HPM): The HPM community has generally accepted that transient power levels of 100 MWs or more will be considered as “high power”. In this paper, we will review some high-power microwave sources and radiating systems. The antennas for HPM are conventional microwave antennas, but we need to pay close attention to the high-power levels in avoiding arcing and breakdown. We also present illustrative cases and indicate radiated fields that can couple to target electronic systems and cause damage such as transient upset and burnout.

Dr. Rajeev Jyoti

Outstanding Scientist and Deputy Director, Space Application Center, ISRO, Ahmedabad, India

Mr. Rajeev Jyoti is the Deputy Director and Outstanding Scientist at the ISRO’s Space Application Center (SAC), Ahmedabad, India. He completed his Master in Physics with specialization in electronics from Delhi University in 1984. In 1986 he completed his Master In Microwave Electronics from Delhi University, Delhi. Since 1987, he has been working with ISRO, Ahmedabad and currently he is Deputy Director of Microwave Remote Sensors Area, in Space Applications Area. He has been instrumental in the development of various technologies, namely microwave passive components, phased array and microwave and sub-mm antenna technologies for ISRO’s space programs. He has been conferred with UN long term fellowship at ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. He has been awarded IETE Raj MITRA Gold award in 2012. He is Fellow of IETE India, Senior member of IEEE, Life member of ISRS and ASI society. He has published more than 95 papers in various conferences and referred journals. He has 14 patents to his credit. He is recipient of ISRO merit individual award and Team Leader of ISRO team excellence award.

Millimeter- and Submillimeter-wave Technology Development for ISRO’s Remote Sensing Programs: ISRO’s forthcoming atmospheric remote sensing payload consists of a 15 channel Temperature Sounder operating at 50-60 GHz with correction channel receivers at 23.8, 31.5 GHz and a 5-channel Humidity Sounder at 183 GHz with correction channel at 89 GHz. RF systems for these mm-wave remote sensing payloads comprise of various cutting-edge technologies viz. GaAs multi-functional MMICs with frequencies spanning from MHz to mm-wave frequencies, low noise mm-wave circuits, low loss wideband transitions, and mm-wave packaging techniques. Millimeter-wave MMICs viz. low noise amplifiers & sub-harmonic mixers at 50-60 GHz and 89 GHz, along with associated RF Front-Ends & Local oscillators with state-of-the-art performance have been successfully developed for all the frequency bands viz., 23.8, 31.5, 50-60, 89 and 183 GHz. Future advancements target critical technologies at sub mm-wave/terahertz frequency bands viz. high-power MMICs, high sensitivity cryogenically cooled mixers/detectors along with innovative packaging techniques to bridge the popular “Terahertz Gap” that exists in India, between the technologies at micro/mm-wave and at infrared ends of the electromagnetic spectrum.


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